For years, the state of California has held two elections in order to determine who will be elected to fill in state and federal positions. A preliminary election is done in the month of June while the actual or general election will be held during the month of November. Both of these kinds of elections are partisan in nature. This means that majority of those who run for office come from their own respective political parties. Those who will win in the preliminary partisan election will be the ones who will be the final candidates for the general electoral processes. During the final election, the voters will then be tasked with selecting people from those who have been nominated by certain parties. This remains true for those who do not come from a partisan party such as the independent candidates who are not required to take part in the primary or initial elections. Ultimately, whoever gets the highest vote during the general election will take the particular position in the government.
The Top Two Primaries Act which is stated in the California Proposition 14 was proposed last June 8, 2010. This was designed to amend the constitution of the Golden State. Prop 14 stipulates that all those who are running for office will have to take part in a so-called single primary open where all voters will be deciding who will be the ones who will be part of the general election. All state and congressional offices of California will be affected by the Prop 14. All of these positions will be subjected under the voter-nominated primary elections. Freedom will be given to voters to choose whoever they want during the preliminary elections regardless of the party to which the candidate belongs. On the other hand, candidates will also be given free rein to choose if they want to indicate their party when they cast their votes during the preliminaries.
A closer look at the top two primary election will reveal that there will be one ballot used for both positions in the state and congressional offices. As previously stated, the candidates will own the right to whether or not they will indicate their party preference. The ballot will contain all names of every party including those who are running for office independently. For instance, a Democrat can choose to vote for someone who has registered himself as part of the Republican party and vice versa. Whoever takes the top two highest votes will be part of the final election regardless if they come from the same party, from different parties, or are independent runners.
California Preposition 14 takes away the right of a political party to choose whatever candidates will be part of the primary election. Of course, these political parties will still be able to provide support to whoever their candidates. They also retain the right to oppose those who belong to other parties and those who are independent candidates. The Proposition 14 does not affect the electoral processes for the political parties. They can still choose whoever will be the presidential candidates and who will become part of their committees.